Web Bibliography

Local Salem Info

Salem Massachusetts Architecture
Architecture in Salem dates back to the early seventeenth century. The homes and buildings enhance the beauty of the Salem atmosphere. Visit this web site and browse through all of Salem’s historic districts such as McIntire, Derby, Lafayette, and Washington Square. Visit each home or building and learn about its history. Architecture is an essential part of learning about Salem’s past.

A Field Guide to Salem's Architecture (pdf), by Mark Lorenz
A nicely illustrated project on Salem architecture from the 17th to 19th century with emphasis on markers of architectural styles.

Sites for Educators

Picturing America Lesson Plans
Lesson plans from the NEH initiative “Picturing America”

Picturing United States History: An Online Resource For Teaching With Visual Evidence
A website from the American Social History Project at the City University of New York Graduate Center representing a unique collaboration between historians and art historians. Visitors to the new website will find Web-based guides, essays, case studies, classroom activities, and online forums to assist high school teachers and college instructors to incorporate visual evidence into their classroom practice. The website supplements other U.S. history resources with visual materials, analysis, and activities that allow students to engage with the process of interpretation in a more robust fashion than through text alone. The website also features a series of public online forums guest moderated by noted scholars of American history and culture.

The Visual Culture of Colonial New England
A Salem State web site developed from the National Endowment for the Humanities summer institute held in Salem, Massachusetts in 2006. The institute examined four main themes: the built environment, the visual culture of the sea, the visual culture of religion and education, and domestic interiors. The web site includes A Salem Timeline, A Colonial Woman's Bookshelf: An Annotated Bibliography, and Unit plans developed by Institute participants

Becoming American: Trade, Culture, and Reform in Salem, Massachusetts, 1801-1861
The resources on this web site are based on materials developed for the NEH Landmarks of American History workshops for schoolteachers held at Salem State College in summer 2004 and summer 2005. This web site provides material for the Early Republic and Antebellum periods, organized around the National Standards for History: Era 4: Expansion and Reform 1801-1861. This web site includes a timeline of Salem history, a walking tour of Salem's architecture, and a web bibliography of historic New England sites and resources. In addition, seven Document-Based Questions (DBQs) focus on culture and society in Salem and New England and cover the abolitionist movement, the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, female antislavery societies, women and abolition, African Americans in the Antebellum north, life at sea, and international horizons. Each DBQ offers an opportunity to examine letters, diaries, newspapers, paintings, photographs, and other material culture as well as providing links and resources for further investigation of the topic.

The National Education Clearing House
Funded by the U.S. Department of Education, the National History Education Clearinghouse (NHEC) is designed to help K-12 history teachers access resources and materials to improve U.S. history education in the classroom. The site was created by the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University and the Stanford University History Education Group. Features include a search engine for online content, website reviews, curriculum models, lesson plans, online workshops and much more. Recommended.

The Object of History
An innovative site from the folks at the Center for History and New Media in collaboration with the Smithsonian. Includes software to create your own object based website.

Massachusetts Studies Project
Searchable databases, lessons, and texts intended to make curriculum more relevant to students. A large site with links to many resources. Sections on teaching tools for local history and much more.

Salem Witch Trials: Documentary Archive and Transcription Project
Comprehensive site covering the Salem Witch trials. Transcriptions of the original court records, historical maps, educational information, such as biographical profiles, a collection of images containing portraits of notable people involved in the trials, pictures of important historic sites, historical paintings and published illustrations taken from 19th and early 20th century literary and historical works. The Archive will also contain some of the classic scholarly studies: Charles Upham's Witchcraft in Salem Village, with an interactive index, and selections from George Lincoln Burr's valuable Narratives of the Witchcraft Trials. Sidney Perley's History of Salem. Finally, the archive is developing a searchable database of information about people, social groups, events, structures, and bibliography.

17th Century New England: with an Emphasis on the Witch Trials
A meta-site maintained by the slightly snarkey historian Margo Burns. Includes annotated links to documents, images, teaching materials and more. A special link for young researchers.

Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities
The Salem Witch Trials site is part of IATH, a research unit of the University of Virginia. Their goal is to explore and develop information technology as a tool for scholarly humanities research. Notable projects include A History of the Circus in America, and Evolutionary Infrastructure: Boston’s Back Bay Fens, and Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture: Multimedia Archive. All reachable thru the main site.

Famous American Trials
A large site hosted by the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. Included are the Salem witchcraft trials, the Boston Massacre trials, Lizzie Borden, Susan Anthony, Amistad trials and much more including chronologies, images, biographies, primary sources, links, lesson plans, bibliographies and more.

Commonwealth Museum: The Museum of Massachusetts History
The Commonwealth Museum have produced a number of resources for teachers. These highlight topics in Massachusetts history and use the documents of the Massachusetts Archives and the collections of the Massachusetts Historical Commission. Lesson plans and curriculum guides.

Memorial Art Gallery of the Univ of Rochester
Has a teacher resource center with resources on integrating art across the curriculum.

About Face: Copley’s Portrait of a Colonial Silversmith
The Memorial Art Gallery features fifty centuries of World Art. “About Face: Copley’s Portrait of a Colonial Silversmith” is an online exhibition which explores the lives and work of two artists with Boston prior to the American Revolution. Contains images, curriculum, bibliography and links.

History Matters
History Matters serves as a gateway to web resources and offers other useful materials for teaching US history. Designed for high school and college teachers and students of US history survey courses, this site serves as a gateway to web resources and offers unique teaching materials, first-person primary documents, and guides to analyzing historical evidence. A project of the American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning of the City University of New York and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Visible Knowledge Project.

The Plymouth Colony Archive Project
This Plymouth Colony Archive presents a collection of fully searchable texts, including: court records, colony laws, seventeenth century journals and memoirs, probate inventories, wills, town plans, maps, and fort plans; research and seminar analyses of numerous topics; biographical profiles of selected colonists; and architectural, archaeological and material culture studies. Also features a number of lesson plans.

Virtual Jamestown
Virtual Jamestown is a product of collaboration between Virginia Tech, the University of Virginia, and the Virginia Center for Digital History at the University of Virginia. It includes 3-D recreations of Indian longhouses and other buildings, timelines, Google Earth features, and a number of teaching materials.

Making History Live
Colonial Williamsburg’s education site. Includes lessons plans, electronic field trips and other teaching resources.

National Park Service, Teaching with Historic Places
This useful site offers properties listed in the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places as teaching tools for history, social studies, geography, or civics classes. It contains more than 75 "classroom ready" lesson plans that include maps, primary source readings, photographs and other images, discussion questions, activities, and projects. The lesson plans can be browsed by location, theme, and time period, and all are based on sites listed in the National Register. The site is particularly strong from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Movement. An author's packet shows teachers how to devise new lesson plans using National Park Service properties.

Massachusetts Historical Society
The web site is a treasure trove of documents and images related to New England history. There is a section with resources developed by the Society's Adams and Swensrud Teacher Fellows. Each project uses primary sources from MHS collections to explore key topics in American history.

The Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute
The Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute is an educational partnership between Yale University and the New Haven Public Schools designed to strengthen teaching and learning in local schools and, by example, in schools across the country. Many curriculum plans developed by institute fellows including The Family in Art and Material Culture and Everyday Life in Early America among others. For curricular resources, see also http://teachers.yale.edu/units/index.php?skin=h

Smithsonian Institution
More than 1,500 Smithsonian educational resources.
Noteworthy links:
The Anthropology Outreach Office of the Smithsonian Institution’s critical bibliography on North American Indians for K-12 readers.
The National Portrait Gallery has many online exhibitions, and digitized collections with short essays.

The Norman B. Leventhal Map Center
The Norman B. Leventhal Map collection has been digitized and offers an extensive array of teacher resources. A division of the Boston Public library.

The John Adams Library at the Boston Public Library
The John Adams Library Project at the Boston Public Library was established in 2003 to catalog, preserve, digitize, and provide access to the extraordinary personal library of America’s second president. The project was made possible by federal grants from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) and the General Services Administration (GSA). The John Adams Library is permanently housed in the Rare Books & Manuscripts Department at the Boston Public Library, Copley Square. This site includes teaching and curriculum resources.

Make History
Publisher Bedford/St. Martin’s site for digital content contains thousands of free maps, images, documents, and links from our five acclaimed content libraries: Map Central, the U.S. History Image Library, DocLinks, HistoryLinks, and PlaceLinks. Download individual files, or log in as an instructor to create free, online collections of content.

Eighteenth-Century Resources
A large meta-site by Jack Lynch Associate Professor in the English department of Rutgers University. The pages cover significant and reliable Internet resources that focus on the eighteenth century -- collection includes information on literature, history, art, music, religion, economics, philosophy, and so on, from around the world, as well as the home pages of societies and people who work on eighteenth-century topics. The site is aimed especially at scholars and students.

Libraries and Digital Collections

Library of Congress: American Memory
An American Time Capsule, the online presentation of the Printed Ephemera collection, comprises 17,000 of the 28,000 physical items. While the broadside format represents the bulk of the collection, there are a significant number of leaflets and some pamphlets. Rich in variety, the collection includes proclamations, advertisements, blank forms, programs, election tickets, catalogs, clippings, timetables, and menus. They capture the everyday activities of ordinary people who participated in the events of nation-building and experienced the growth of the nation from the American Revolution through the Industrial Revolution up to present day.

Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920
These published works, manuscripts, images, and motion picture footage address the formation of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage. Materials include Alfred Bierstadt paintings; period travel literature, a photographic record of Yosemite, and Congressional acts regarding conservation and the establishment of national parks. An annotated chronology discusses events in the development of the conservation movement with links to pertinent documents and images.

Library of Congress: Prints and Photographs
A comprehensive site of prints and photos. Try searching “Salem MA” and check out the Historic American Buildings Survey and Historic American Engineering Records.

New York Public Library: Digital Gallery
NYPL Digital Gallery provides access to over 600,000 images digitized from primary sources and printed rarities in the collections of The New York Public Library, including illuminated manuscripts, historical maps, vintage posters, rare prints and photographs, illustrated books, printed ephemera, and more. Awesome!

NYPL has many online excellent online exhibitions; some of the highlights are listed below.

The African Presence in the Americas, 1492-1992
Description: Before Columbus, before the "Americas," indigenous peoples organized in communities, nations and empires had resided in this hemisphere for over 40,000 years. According to recent scholarship, visitors from Africa, Asia and Europe arrived on these shores long before 1492.

Images of African Americans in the 19th Century
From the NYPL: Schomburg Center: Five hundred prints, photographs and illustrations present sixteen topical chapters such as "Cultural Expression," "Family," "Organizations & Institutions," "Portraits" and "Religion."

Picturing America, 1497-1899: Prints, Maps, and Drawings bearing on the New World Discoveries and on the Development of the Territory that is now the United States
Original prints, drawings, and maps, selected primarily from The Phelps Stokes Collection, featuring views of American towns and cities and representations of historical events, scenes, places, and battles relating to the United States, from 1497 to 1899.

The Illustrating Traveler
A Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library Exhibition. Organized by William S. Reese and George Miles this exhibition displays illustrated traveler's narratives and original art by travelers from the later 18th to the late 19th century. Geographically it covers travelers to North America in its broadest sense, from the high Arctic to the Caribbean.

Archiving Early America
This site includes newspapers, maps, writings, lives of Early Americans, notable women of Early America, and how to read a 200 year old document.

The John Carter Brown Library
The John Carter Brown Library is an independently administered and funded center for advanced research in history and the humanities, founded in 1846 and located at Brown University. Housed within the Library’s walls is an internationally renowned, constantly growing collection of primary historical sources pertaining to the Americas, both North and South, before ca. 1825. Among others, a database on discoveries and mapping is under development.

See also:
The John Carter Brown Archive of Early American Images
A database of graphic representations of the colonial Americas, from Hudson Bay to Tierra del Fuego, drawn entirely from primary sources printed or created between 1492 and ca. 1825.

Boston Athenaeum
The Boston Athenaeum, founded in 1807, is one of the oldest and most distinguished independent libraries in the United States. For nearly half a century the Athenaeum was the unchallenged center of intellectual life in Boston, and by 1851 had become one of the five largest libraries in the United States. Today its collections comprise over half a million volumes, with particular strengths in Boston history, New England state and local history, biography, English and American literature, and the fine and decorative arts. On-line they host the Alexander Parris Digital Project and the Boston African Americana Collection.

Boston University’s Library
Boston University allows students, faculty, staff, as well as outside guests, to use their Virtual Catalog to simultaneously search the catalogs of the libraries in the Boston Library Consortium.

Harvard University’s Library
This web site is an online gateway to the extraordinary library resources of Harvard University. Consult “Conducting Research: to find subject guides and links to other valuable information on doing library research. The site also provides practical information on each of the more than 90 libraries that form the Harvard system.

Digital Library for Decorative Arts and Material Culture
The source for digital facsimiles of 18th century pattern books, searchable image collections and virtual exhibits, especially strong in ceramics and American furniture. University of Wisconsin/Chipstone foundation.

Beauty and the Brick: Illustrated Books & 19th Century Domestic Design
A lovely site on how professional advisors used the illustrated book to help Americans navigate a period of political and cultural change in the mid 19th century. Sections on design encyclopedias, pattern books, architectural advice books, art instruction manuals, and international exposition catalogs. Also film clips. Highly recommended

Digital Archive of American Architecture
By Boston College Prof. Jeffery Howe. Just what is title implies.

Grave Matter
Grave Matter is a collection of photographs and historical information of cemeteries and gravestones of New England in southern Maine, southern New Hampshire and northeast Massachusetts. Within these pages are doctors, merchants, Revolutionary Patriots and Loyalists, British soldiers, judges, lawyers, sea captains, pirates and privateers, governors, slaves, military officers and veterans, Civil War generals, clergy, and in most cases all that is left is their headstone and the impression they made on history during their time. Great pictures of Gravestones.

The Farber Gravestone Collection
The Farber Gravestone Collection is an unusual resource containing over 13,500 images documenting the sculpture on more than 9,000 gravestones, most of which were made prior to 1800, in the Northeastern part of the United States.

Mother of all Art and Art History
A meta-site by the University of Michigan-- a compilation of art history departments, research resources, image collections, museums, online exhibitions.

The Web Gallery of Art
The Web Gallery of Art is a virtual museum and searchable database of European painting and sculpture of the Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Neoclassicism and Romanticism periods (1100-1850), currently containing over 20,300 reproductions. Picture commentaries, artist biographies are available. Guided tours, period music, downloadable catalogue, free postcard and other services are provided.

The Baldwin Online Children’s Literature Project
The Baldwin Project seeks to make available online a comprehensive collection of resources for parents and teachers of children. Our focus, initially, is on literature for children that is in the public domain in the United States. This includes all works first published before 1923. The period from 1880 or so until 1922 offers a wealth of material in all categories, including: Nursery Rhymes, Fables, Folk Tales, Myths, Legends and Hero Stories, Literary Fairy Tales, Bible Stories, Nature Stories, Biography, History, Fiction, Poetry, Storytelling, Games, and Craft Activities.

Voyages: Scientific Circumnavigations 1679-1859
The Linda Hall Library History of Science Collection online exhibition "Voyages: Scientific Circumnavigations 1679-1859."

Wilke's Exploring Expedition of 1838-42
The Smithsonian digital library collection on the Wilke's Exploring Expedition of 1838-42.

New Zealand Electronic Text Centre
New Zealand Electronic Text Centre’s free online archive of New Zealand and Pacific Islands texts and heritage materials, which offers an ever expanding, fully searchable, set of images and full-text books, manuscripts and journals.

The Maritime History Virtual Archives
An extremely comprehensive list of maritime history links and a valuable digest, indexed by subject, of material transcribed from early books on maritime subjects. Maintained by Lars Bruzelius.

History of Cartography Gateway
Early maps, old maps or historical maps (i.e. the history of cartography), and the activities associated with them, form the subject of these incredibly comprehensive pages compiled by Tony Campbell, retired Map Librarian, British Library.

David Rumsey Historical Map Collection
The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection has over 17,400 maps online. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century North American and South American maps and other cartographic materials. Historic maps of the World, Europe, Asia, and Africa are also represented. Collection categories include antique atlas, globe, school geography, maritime chart, state, county, city, pocket, wall, childrens, and manuscript maps.

American Women's History: A Research Guide
A huge meta-site of indexing Digital Collections of Primary Sources for women’s history.

Plains Indian Ledger Art Project
The PILA web site serves as a virtual repository for institutions and private owners to make dozens of these widely dispersed and particularly fragile manuscripts available to a wide audience. You may set up a free account which will provide a personal research station with a number of features.

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest Collection
This site provides an extensive digital collection of original photographs and documents about the Northwest Coast and Plateau Indian cultures, complemented by essays written by anthropologists, historians, and teachers about both particular tribes and cross-cultural topics. These cultures have occupied, and in some cases still live in parts of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana. Maps are available that show traditional territories or reservation boundaries. The essays include bibliographies and links to related text and images as well as study questions that K-12 teachers may use as they develop curricula in their schools. An introductory essay provides an overview of the cultures, this Project, and the other essays.


**For Local Museums visited by the Institute see the web bibliography “Salem Resources

The Paul Revere House, Boston
Tons of information on Paul Revere and his famous ride, plus a special section for teachers.

Strawbery Banke
Strawbery Banke is a museum dedicated to Portsmouth's history and comprises a large collection of historic buildings that recreate the densely settled nature of an urban maritime community. Some of the houses have been restored and furnished to particular periods in the past; some are used for exhibits on such special themes as architecture or archaeology; still others serve as shops for artisans practicing traditional trades. The gardens and grounds at Strawbery Banke Museum represent a living history of the New England Landscape.

Memorial Hall Museum Online
Digital collections, classroom activities, lesson plans and more.

Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College
An essay on Ledger drawings “Picturing Change: The Impact of Ledger Drawings on Native American Art” includes links to other sites on Ledger drawings.

Museums West
A meta-sight with links to museums of the North American West

Mystic Seaport
Mystic Seaport -- The Museum of America and the Sea -- is the nation's leading maritime museum. Their web site provides a variety of educational information and access to their different collections.

Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA
On-line exhibitions and educational resources from the Mariners Museum, Newport News, VA. Includes "Captive Passage: The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas," "Swashbucklers," "Life at Sea" and much more.

National Maritime Museum UK
All things maritime at Britain's National Maritime Museum. Searchable online collections, exhibitions, learning pages, stories, and more. The National Maritime Museum's collection contains over two million objects related to seafaring, navigation, astronomy and measuring time. Objects on line include astronomical and navigational instruments (Astrolabes and quadrants, Globes, Sundials), horological instruments, charts and maps, coins and medals, decorative arts, paintings, prints, drawings and watercolors, flags, ship Models, uniforms and weapons.

N.C. Wyeth Catalogue Raisonné
The Brandywine River Museum's N.C. Wyeth Catalogue Raisonné is an extensive compilation of detailed information regarding one of America's foremost illustrators and painters, N.C. Wyeth Images of Wyeth’s illustrations for James Fenimore Cooper’s Novels among many others.

George and Martha Washington Portraits from the Presidential Years
An online exhibtiion from the National Portrait Gallery

Metropolitan Museum
The timeline of art history is a great resource with essays, images and more. See for example, http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/te_index.asp?s=north+america&t=1600-1800_ad

The Brooklyn Museum
The Brooklyn Museum has recently made a portion of its wonderful collection accessible online, including downloadable images suitable for PowerPoint presentations.

The Captain Cook Society
This site contains a wealth of information and links related to James Cook. Many articles and images, including the panels of the scenic wallpaper “Les Sauvages De La Mer Pacifique” (The Savages of the South Pacific) also known as “The Voyages of Captain Cook.”

The Forster Collection
The Forster Collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, UK is one of the world's great collections of eighteenth-century Pacific art and material culture (our own Peabody Essex houses another one). The objects were acquired by Reinhold Forster and his son George during Captain James Cook's second famous voyage of discovery from 1772 to 1775 and includes ornaments, clothing, utensils, weapons, and musical instruments from the islands visited on the voyage. This web site provides access to a the original 1776 'Catalogue of Curiosities' and a variety of sources of other information about the collection including excellent images.

The Textile Museum
Located in Washington DC, the Textile museum houses a preeminent collection encompassing the textile arts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. The Museum's interactive on-line learning experience, “Common Threads: Unraveling the World of Textiles,” features resources for teachers and suggestions for using the web site in the classroom.

The Bead Museum
The Bead Museum, Glendale, AZ promotes appreciation of the historical, cultural, and artistic significance of beads, adornment, and related artifacts from ancient, ethnic and contemporary cultures by means of collection, preservation, education, and exhibitions. They have some online curriculum; just makes you want to start working with beads!

The Bishop Museum
The Bishop Museum's Ethnology Collection includes more than 70,000 objects from throughout the Pacific region. High-quality Photographs and detailed information are available for more than 1000 cultural objects.

Yet More Notable Museums

The Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC

British Museum, London, England

De Young Museum, San Francisco, CA

Field Museum, Chicago, IL

Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, CA

Museum of African Art, New York, NY

National Museum of African Art, Washington, D.C.

Pacific Asia Museum, Pasadena, CA

Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, England

Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, WA

The Fowler Museum of Cultural History, Los Angeles

University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA